Swine and Chicken Production Drops in Q1 as Inventory Declines

Reference Number: 

SR-2019-031

Release Date: 

Monday, July 8, 2019

Body: 

 

For the 1st quarter of 2019 (Q1), estimated production for swine and chicken in the region contracted compared with the estimated production realized in Q1 of 2018. The estimates were derived
from the latest Backyard/Commercial Livestock and Poultry Survey (BLPS/CLPS) results conducted last April 2019.

Swine or Hog production is short of 80 metric tons compared with the output in 2018 of about 17,634 metric tons, a cut of 0.45 percent from the last year level. As shown in Table 1, production
in backyard farms which comprised 88.23 percent of the total hog production dropped by 1.78 percent from its 2018 level of 15,768 metric tons or a deficit of 280 metric tons. On the other hand, production in commercial farms grew by 10.73 percent from 1,866 metric tons of production in 2018 or an additional 200 metric tons of hogs produced this year, but not sufficient enough to overcome the deficit from backyard farms production.

Compared with the last quarter’s output, Q1 volume of production for hog in the region shows a larger deficit of 1,821 metric tons resulting in about 9.40 percent decrease from the previous
quarter’s record of 19,375 metric tons. The same scenario was noted where production from backyard farms showed negative output despite positive performance in the commercial farms sector. Specifically, 2,018 metric tons was slashed from the backyard farms production in Q1 2019 compared with the production record in Q4 of 2018 over the production increase of only 197 metric tons
in commercials farms for Q1 2019 versus its Q4 2019 counterpart.       

Across provinces in the region, Isabela and Cagayan provinces were the top producers during the first quarter of 2019 with almost identical share. Hog Production in Isabela accounted to 40.44 percent from the regional volume of production while 39.96 percent came from the the province of Cagayan. The province of Nueva Vizcaya and Quirino shared 11.99 7.03, respectively, while only 0.58 percent came from the province of Batanes.

In terms of Inventory, As of April 1, 2019, total swine inventory in the region posted a negative growth of 0.75 percent or from 460,023 stocks in 2018 to 456,575 in 2019. Specifically, the decrease
in swine was brought by the decrease in number of stocks in backyard farms by 5,542 heads despite increase in the inventory of commercial farms by 2,094 heads.

Among the five provinces of the region, the province of Cagayan had the biggest share during the period which accounted for 50.95 percent of the total swine inventory. Swine inventory in the province of Isabela accounted only to 29.06 of the regional count while 10.80 and 8.52 percent were stocks counted in the province of Nueva Vizcaya and Quirino, respectively. Meanwhile, 0.68 percent
of the swine inventory in the region is found in the province of Batanes.

On the poultry sector, total volume of production for chicken in Q1 2019 also slide down by 2.41 percent from the 2018 record of production of 14,702 metric tons or a deficit of about 354 metric tons. The deficit can be traced from the decrease production in broiler farms which accounted to 78.16 percent of the total chicken production. Layer production and those extracted from Native/Improved chicken appreciated by 34 and 150 metric tons, respectively, but not enough to overcome the total deficit as Other Chicken production went down by 22 metric tons. 

On the other hand, Q1 2019 chicken production is 3.17 percent higher than the record in Q4 of 2018. Broiler production pushed up the regional output this time supplanted by positive growth of production from Native/Improve chicken, both chicken types with major share in the total chicken production in the region. As shown in Table 3, broiler production in Q1 2019 is 427 higher than the output in Q4 2018 while Native/Improve chicken production is 108 metric tons above the Q4 2018 production of the same chicken type. Both Layer and Other Chicken production in Q1 2019 fell short
of the realized production in Q4 2018.

Bulk of the chicken production in the region can be found in the province of Isabela as its shared 65.50 percent in the total volume of production for the 1st quarter of 2019 share or 9,397 metric tons, liveweight. The four provinces shared the rest of the pie with chicken production in Cagayan province contributing 20.04 percent, Nueva Vizcaya producing 10.57 percent, and the province of Quirino chipping-in 3.86 percent. Chicken production in the province of Batanes is not so distinguished based on its 0.03 percent share in the regional production of any chicken type in the region.

The region’s total chicken inventory as of April 1, 2019 was estimated at 7,380,713 birds. This posted a decrease of 5.24 percent compared with previous year’s stock of 7,789,154 birds. Both broiler and native/improved chicken posted decrease in inventory by 8.85 and 5.65 percent, respectively. Among the three types of chicken, native/improved had the highest at 4,777,662 or 64.73 percent
of the total chicken inventory.

Across provinces of the region, chicken is mostly raised in the provinces of Isabela and Cagayan with 45.62 and 32.64 percent of the total inventory of the region.The province of Batanes had
the least share accounting only 0.15 percent.  (SR-2019-031)

 

 

MARILYN T. ESTRADA
Regional Director
 
 
/GMB/JCB/MLP

 

TECHNICAL NOTES

The Livestock and Poultry Situationer presents the performance situation in terms of inventory of carabao, cattle, swine, goat, chicken and duck; and volume of production including chicken and duck eggs. Moreover, data for this special release were collected by the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) through the two major surveys, namely: a) Backyard Livestock and Poultry Survey (BLPS)
which is conducted quarterly and covers one of the four replicates of the Palay and Corn Production Survey (PCPS); and b) Commercial Livestock and Poultry Survey (CLPS), also conducted quarterly and covers swine, layer and broiler farms, and contract growers as of April 1, 2019.

Another survey that supplements the data requirements of the Livestock and Poultry sector is the Compilation of Data from Slaughterhouses and Poultry Dressing Plants (CDSPDP). This is done monthly and utilizes administrative data from Locally Registered Meat Establishments (LRMEs) in the province which is in coordination with the Provincial Veterinary Office (PVO) and Meat Inspectors (MIs).

 

DEFINITION OF TERMS

 

Production – refers to the volume of indigenous (locally-raised) animals disposed for slaughter which include animals exported or shipped out for slaughter (in “head” and in “liveweight” equivalent)

Livestock – farm animals kept or raised for consumption, work or leisure. In general, poultry is separated as a distinct group of farm animals. For purposes of census and surveys, livestock covers
only those that are tended and raised by an operator.

Poultry – a collective term for all domesticated avian for the purpose of food consumption or, the carcass of such avian dressed/processed for human consumption.

Animal Inventory (also, Animal Population) – the number of domesticated animals in head present in the farm at specific reference date.

 

Source: Special Release file, PSA-Central Office