Based from the latest Labor Force Survey (LFS) conducted in April 2019, employment rate in Cagayan Valley moved an inch up from the previous record
of 96.9 percent captured in January 2019. However, the latest rate at 97.0 percent was still below the last year’s level. In April 2018, employment rate
was measured at 97.7 percent.
This scenario had been observed during the past four reference periods since July 2018 and runs counter to the observed employment rate
at the national level. While the national employment rate shows incremental increases during the same periods, the region’s employment rate
moves downward with its lowest record in January 2019. The latest record (April 2019), however, both at the regional and national level showed
an identical increment of 0.1 percent from its respective previous’ figure. The same trend was also noted between October 2018 and January 2019
where employment rate at the national and the regional level moves downward with higher decrement in the employment rate of the former
at 0.2 percent.
It must be noted however that for the past five reference periods, employment rate in the region remains above the national average with the biggest gap
observed in April 2018 where employment rate at the national level was recorded at 94.5 percent, the lowest so far during the reference periods
Employment in the region still on top across regional inflation rates
The region’s employment rate in April 2019 at 97.0 percent is still one of the highest across regions. During this period,
the Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) reported the highest employment rate at 97.1 percent, dishing out Cagayan Valley which has the highest
employment rate since April 2018. The latest CAR employment rate is higher by 0.4 percent from its 2018 record of 96.7 percent. In contrast,
the region’s employment rate in April 2019 is still 0.7 percent below the 2018 level of 97.7 percent. Employment in Davao Region
at 96.9 percent is at par with these two regions notching up 2.3 percent from its 2018 level of 94.6 percent.
Employment in Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) is still the lowest across regions at 91.0 percent in April 2019 report
while the National Capital Region, also at the bottom list, registered an employment rate of 93.7 percent, up by 0.1 percent from its April 2018 record.
Thirteen regions (including Davao Region) posted increment in its employment with employment rate in Ilocos Region and CALABARZON
gaining 1.4 and 1.3 percent from its 2018 record of 92.7 and 93.4 percent, respectively. The rest of the regions with positive indicators
versus the 2018 employment rate displayed minimal increases ranging from 0.1 to 0.5 percent only. The trend of these regions was reflected
at the national level with the country’s employment in April 2019 up by 0.4 percent from the 2018 national employment rate of 94.5 percent.
On the other hand, four regions together with Cagayan Valley, displayed downward movement in its employment in April 2019. Employment in ARMM
dipped down by 4.8 percent from the April 2018 report of 94.8 percent. Moreover, employment in Bicol Region was pulled down by 0.9 percent
from its 2018 record of 95.1 percent while Cagayan Valley’s employment was cut by 0.7 percent from 97.7 percent record in April 2018.
Labor Force Population decreases as Labor Force Participation Rate increases
Across reference periods since April 2018, the Labor Force Participation Rate (LPFR) in the region showed an erratic movement. It went down
for two periods with the lowest LPFR recorded in January 2019 at 62.0 percent. While the latest LPFR notched 1.3 percent up from its previous record,
still, it is below the April 2018 LPFR at 64.8 percent.
On the other hand, Labor Force Population in the region constantly increases for the past three periods since its lowest count in April 2018 at 2.40 million.
The latest Labor Force Population, however, shrunk a little bit by less than five thousand or from 2.42 million in January 2019 to 2.41 million
in April 2019. The latest count, nonetheless, is still 15 thousand more than those in the labor in April 2018. Since April 2018, Labor Force Population
reached 2.42 million, a record set in January 2019.
Increasing trend of Unemployed persons in the region halted
Counted at 46 thousand in April 2019 with equivalent unemployment rate of 3.0 percent, the latest count barricaded the increasing trend
of unemployed persons in the region. But this is only a thousand chunked from the January 2019 unemployed persons estimated at 47 thousand
or an equivalent unemployment rate of 3.1 percent. Since April 2018, more than ten thousand persons joined the unemployed group. In July 2018 alone,
about five thousand persons were added to the count of unemployed persons in April 2018. And, in January 2019, an additional four thousand persons more were classified as unemployed from the existing unemployed group counted in October 2018.
Underemployed persons in the region counted at less than 20 percent
Cagayan Valley’s underemployment rate in April 2019 was estimated at 18.6 percent, 5.1 percent higher than the national average and 10.0 percent higher than the lowest rate reported in the National Capital Region (NCR). The latest estimate is 2.2 percent lower than those classified as underemployed person counted a year ago. Underemployment situation in the region is similarly situated with the MIMAROPA and Eastern Visayas Region while nine regions reported an underemployment rate below the region’s rate during the month in review. There were five regions with underemployment rate
above the region’s level.
Across regions, underemployment rate was very high in Bicol Region estimated at 33.3 percent, although it slid down by 1.2 percent from its record
last year of the same month. In April 2018, the highest underemployment rate was reported in CARAGA Region at 29.4 percent, and a big chopp was noted
in its April 2019 underemployment rate at 19.0 percent. On the lighter note, majority of the employed persons in the NCR enjoyed full employment
as can be shown in its underemployment rate of only 4.6 percent in April 2019. Last year, NCR recorded an underemployment rate of 9.0 percent
while the Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) reported the lowest rate then at 5.8 percent.
There were 13 regions (including CARAGA and NCR) which reported a decline in its underemployment rates with the highest reduction rate
found in Davao Region. In April 2018, Davao Region estimated its underemployed persons at 18.9 percent and the latest count
was down by 10.7 percent or an underemployment rate of only 8.2 percent in April 2019. Other region with more than five percent decrease
includes Western Visayas (from 17.5 percent in April 2018 to 8.6 percent in April 2019), Central Luzon (from 13.8 percent to 8.6 percent)
and Eastern Visayas (from 23.8 percent to 18.6 percent).
Across reference periods, underemployment rate in the region showed a significant decrease since April 2018. This general observation is supported
by the fact that in July 2018 and January 2019, underemployment rate hit its lowest rate at more than 15 percent compared with the 20.8 percent
underemployment rate reported in April 2018. Even the latest count was still below the 20 percent marked a year ago. Corollary, underemployed persons
in the region was at its lowest count in January 2019 estimated at 233 thousand. The latest count (April 2019) however showed
an additional underemployed person of more than 50 thousand, but still below the 324 thousand estimates in April 2018. In general, persons seeking
for more or additional hours of work in the region decelerated during the past 12 months.
Concepts, Definitions and Explanations
Employment Status Concepts
Population 15 Years Old and Over
This refers to number of population 15 years old and over excluding overseas workers. Overseas workers are excluded in the estimation
of the size of working population (population aged 15 years and over) since the data on their economic characteristics are not collected
because they are not considered part of the labor force in the country.
In the Labor Force or Economically Active Population
This refers to persons 15 years old and over who are either employed or unemployed in accordance with the definitions described as follows.
Employed persons include all those who, during the reference period are 15 years old and over as of their last birthday and are reported either:
Underemployed persons include all employed persons who express the desire to have additional hours of work in their present job, or an additional job,
or to have a new job with longer working hours. Visibly underemployed persons are those who work for less than 40 hours during the reference period
and want additional hours of work.
Unemployed persons include all those who, during the reference period, are 15 years old and over as of their last birthday and reported as:
a) Without work, i.e., had no job or business during the reference period; and
b) Currently available for work, i.e., were available and willing to take up work in paid employment or self-employment during the reference period,
and/or would be available and willing to take up work in paid employment or self-employment within two weeks after the interview date; and
c) Seeking work, i.e., had taken specific steps to look for a job or establish a business during the reference period, or not seeking work due
to the following reasons: (1) tired or believed no work available, i.e., discouraged workers; (2) awaiting results of previous job application;
(3) temporary illness or disability; (4) bad weather; and/or (5) waiting for rehire or job recall.
Persons Not in the Labor Force
Persons 15 years old and over who are neither employed nor unemployed according to the definitions mentioned. Those not in the labor force are persons
who are not looking for work because of reasons such as housekeeping, schooling and permanent disability. Examples are housewives, students, disabled,
or retired persons.