Cagayan Valley provinces increased in poverty threshold

Reference Number: 

SR-2020-004

Release Date: 

Wednesday, February 12, 2020

Body: 

The 2018 Family Income and Expenditure Survey (FIES) of the Philippine Statistics Authority revealed that across provinces in the region, the province of Batanes registered the highest annual per capita poverty threshold for the full year of 2018. The estimate in the province at 37,419 pesos is about 60 percent higher than the lowest poverty threshold registered in the province of Quirino at 23,508 pesos. This means that on the average per month, a family of five in the province of Batanes needed at least 15,591 pesos to meet both its basic food and non-food needs while the same set of family in the province of Quirino only needs 9,795 pesos to meet the same needs. On the other hand, annual per capita poverty threshold in the provinces of Cagayan and Nueva Vizcaya was almost identical at more than 24,700 pesos while in the province of Isabela, annual per capita poverty threshold was recorded at 25,390 pesos. On the average per month, a family of five in provinces of Cagayan and Nueva Vizcaya needed about 10,300 pesos to meet its food and non-food needs while about 10,579 pesos is needed by the same set of family in the province of Isabela.

The latest poverty estimates across provinces in the region were all above the 2015 poverty estimates with the provinces of Batanes and Cagayan recording double digit increase of 19.0 percent and 15.4 percent, respectively. The other three provinces showed between 6 to 9 percent increment from the 2015 poverty estimates with the province of Quirino at only 6.90 percent increase while the other two provinces’ accretion virtually identical at almost 9.0 percent.   

With these poverty thresholds across provinces, poverty incidences among families in the different provinces in the region were estimated at 6.6 percent in Batanes, 12.6 percent in Cagayan, 12.9 percent in Isabela, 11.4 percent in Nueva Vizcaya and 8.9 percent in Quirino. These poverty incidences means that 66 out of 1,000 families in Batanes do not have sufficient income to buy their basic food and non-food needs in the year 2018, 126 out of 1,000 families in Cagayan, 129 out 1,000 families in Isabela, 114 out 1,000 families in Nueva Vizcaya and 89 out of 1,000 families in the province of Quirino. In the 2015 estimates, poverty incidences in the provinces were recorded at 10.0 percent in Batanes, 13.7 percent in Cagayan, 12.3 percent in Isabela,10.5 percent in Nueva Vizcaya and 20.3 percent in Quirino province. 

In terms of the magnitude of poor families across provinces during the full year of 2018, an estimated 340 families in Batanes belonged to families whose income fall below the amount needed to buy their basic food and non-food needs during that year, 36,040 families was accounted with the same situation in Cagayan, 50,810 poor families in Isabela while 13,880 and 4,000 poor families were recorded in Nueva Vizcaya and Quirino, respectively. In 2015, 390 families whose income fall below the poverty threshold was estimated in Batanes, 36,720 families in Cagayan, 48,900 families in Isabela, 9,600 families in Nueva Vizcaya and 8,760 families in Quirino.

Meanwhile, poverty incidences among population during the year 2018 in the different provinces in the region were estimated at 9.7 percent in Batanes, 16.2 percent in Cagayan, 16.7 percent in Isabela, 15.7 percent in Nueva Vizcaya and 12.5 percent in the province of Quirino. The above information reveals that 97 for every 1,000 population in Batanes had income below the poverty threshold, 162 and 167 for every 1,000 individual in Cagayan and Isabela had the same situation while in the province of Nueva Vizcaya and Quirino was estimated at 157 and 125 out of 1,000 individual belonged to poor families. In the 2015 FIES undertaking, poverty incidences among population was recorded at 13.7 percent in Batanes, 16.4 percent in Cagayan, 17.8 percent in Isabela, 15.4 percent in Nueva Vizcaya and 28.4 percent in Quirino.  

Furthermore, the above latest recorded poverty incidences among population translate to about 1,710  Ivatan who were considered as poor in the year 2018, 201,380 Cagayanos, 275,430 Isabelinos, 74,040 Vizcayanos and 24,350 Quirinians were also estimated to have income below its respective provincial poverty threshold. In 2015 estimates of the magnitude of poor population, the province of Batanes had 2,490 individual who had income below the provincial poverty threshold while Cagayan and Isabela recorded about 192,780 and 299,360 individual with the same situation. The provinces of Nueva Vizcaya and Quirino also had poor individual in 2015 estimated at 57,470 and 56,010, respectively.   

In terms of the annual per capita food thresholds across provinces during the full year of 2018, about 26,129 pesos is needed by an ivatan to buy its basic food needs. This means that a family of five in Batanes needed at least 10,887 pesos per month in order to meet its basic food needs. On the other hand, the lowest annual per capita food threshold in the region was recorded in Quirino at 16,408 pesos. This also means that a Quirinians family of five needed at least 6,837 pesos to buy its basic food needs, far lower than the amount recorded in Batanes. The other three provinces annual per capita food thresholds were almost identical at more than 17 thousand pesos. This means that to meet the basic food needs in the provinces of Cagayan, Isabela and Nueva Vizcaya, a family of five needed at least not less than 7 thousand pesos. In the 2015 FIES, all estimates were lower than the current estimates on food thresholds with Batanes and Cagayan estimates in 2018 gaining 19.08 and 15.46 percent respectively, while Isabela and Quirino food thresholds in 2018 appreciated by almost 9.0 percent. The lowest increment in the latest food threshold was recorded in Nueva Vizcaya at 6.5 percent.            

Guided by the established annual per capita food thresholds in the different provinces in the region, subsistence incidence among families in the province of Batanes was estimated at 1.2 percent, 3.0 percent in Cagayan, 2.9 percent in Isabela, 3.2 percent in Nueva Vizcaya and 1.4 percent in Quirino. This means that 12 for every 1,000 families in Batanes do not have enough income to buy their basic food needs, 30 and 29 for every 1,000 families suffered the same fate in the provinces of Cagayan and Isabela while 32 and 12 out of 1,000 families are on the same footing in the provinces of Nueva Vizcaya and Quirino. In 2015, subsistence incidences in these provinces were reported at 2.9 percent in Cagayan, 1.5 percent in Isabela, 2.4 percent in Nueva Vizcaya, 4.7 percent in Qurino while there was no reported of the same case in the province of Batanes.      

                            The above provincial subsistence incidences during the year 2018 translate to about 60 families in Batanes without sufficient income to meet their basic food needs. Likewise, magnitude of subsistence poor families in Cagayan was estimated   8,530, about 11,260 families in Isabela, 3,940 families in Nueva Vizcaya and about 630 families in Quirino. In the 2015 FIES survey, there were estimated 7,840 families who were subsistence poor in Cagayan, 6,060 families in Isabela, 2,240 families in Nueva Vizcaya and about 2,020 families in the province of Quirino.There were no families whose income is less than the food threshold in Batanes during the year 2018.  

Subsistence incidences among population during the full year of 2018 was estimated at 2.0 percent in Batanes, 4.0 percent in Cagayan, 4.1 percent in Isabela, 4.9 percent in Nueva Vizcaya and about 2.4 percent in Quirino. This means that 20 out of 1,000 ivatans do not have sufficient income to buy their basic food needs, 40 per 1,000 Cagayanos were similarly situated, 41 per 1,000 Isabelinos have the same situation, 49 out of 1,000 Vizcayanos also with similar situation while 24 per 1,000 Quirinians were classified as subsitence poor. In 2015, subsistence incidences were estimated at 3.6 percent in Cagayan, 2.5 percent in Isabela, 4.1 percent in Nueva Vizcaya and 7.4 percent in Quirino. There were no incidences of food poor reported in Batanes during the year 2015.       

In terms of the magnitude of subsistence poor population during the full year of 2018, there were about 360 ivatans with no sufficient income to buy their basic food needs, 50,430 Cagayanos with the same situation, 67,530 Isabelinos with similar condition, 23,000 Vizcayanos and 4,600 Quirinians with comparable situation. During the year 2015, 42,380 Cagayanos had income less than the food threshold, 41,380 Isabelinos resembles the situation, 15,440 Vizcayanos is situated alike and 14,620 Quirinians is living below the food threshold in the province. There were no reported food poor ivatans in 2015. 
(SR-2020-004)

  

 

MARILYN T. ESTRADA
Regional Director
 
 
//GMB

 

 

Technical Notes

Section 3 of the RA 8425 (Social reform & Poverty Alleviation Act) defines Poor as “individuals and families whose income fall below the poverty threshold as defined by the NEDA and/or cannot afford in a sustained manner to provide their minimum basic needs of food, health, education, housing and other essential amenities of life.

Poverty Threshold is the minimum income required for a family or individual to meet the basic food and non-food requirements, also known as the POVERTY LINE.

Poverty Incidence is the minimum income required for a family or individual to meet the basic food needs, which satisfies the nutritional requirements for economically necessary and socially desirable physical activities.

Food Threshold is the minimum income required for a family or individual to meet the basic food needs, which satisfies the nutritional requirements for economically necessary and socially desirable physical activities.

Subsistence Incidence is the proportion of families or individuals with per capita income less than the per capita Food Threshold to the total number of families or individuals.