Cagayan Valley’s total volume of production of fruit crops was estimated at 296,300 metric tons in the 1st Semester of 2020. It went up by 15.2 percent or an increase of about 39,134 metric tons as compared to 257,167 metric tons production in 2019, same period. All sub-sectors exhibited increases in production with major fruits sub-sector showing large increment at 16.1 percent, the other sub-sectors, priority, minor and other fruits, displayed the same upward trend of production at 2.9 percent, 2.4 percent and less than one percent increases, respectively.
Significant growth in major fruits production brought up directly the upward movement of the regional fruits production as it comprised 94.0 percent of the total fruits production in the region. The remaining six percent was divided among priority fruits, minor fruits and other fruits sub-sector with priority fruits groups sharing 4.0 percent while the last two sub-sectors supplemented about two percent.
In terms of the provincial contribution to the regional fruits production during the 1st semester of the year, Isabela province shared the bulk of production at 47.0 percent while fruits produced in the province of Cagayan accounted to about 25.0 percent. Last three remaining provinces contributed less than 30.0 percent with the province of Nueva Vizcaya contributing 18.0 percent while fruits produce in the province of Quirino was pegged at 10.0 percent. The province of Batanes shared less than one percent to total fruits production in the region.
As previously cited, major fruits group contributed largely in the increase of the total fruits production in the region as the current semester’s production is up by 38,651 metric tons from the 2019 output of 239,480 metric tons. Banana production, the largest contributor under major fruits, pushed upward the major fruit crops output producing about 202,649 metric tons compared with the 2019 reported production of 170,810 metric tons or almost 20.0 percent increase. Other commodities under the major fruits also showed the same upward trend and further pulled up the sub-sector’s performance during the 1st semester of the year.
Looking into the production of banana in the region by variety, almost three fourth of the commodity produced was saba variety as shown by its share of 72.0 percent. Banana varieties like latundan and lacatan shared 16.0 and 9.0 percent respectively while the remaining less than three percent were complemented by bungulan, cavendish and other varieties.
Isabela province remained to be the top contributor of major fruits group as supported by its share to the regional production of almost one half or 48.0 percent. About 24.0 percent was also shared by major fruits producers in the province of Cagayan while Nueva Vizcaya, pitched in 17.0 percent contribution to regional output. The remaining 11.0 percent was produced in the province of Quirino and Batanes, the latter province with only less than one percent share.
For priority fruits sub-sector, positive growth of about three percent or an equivalent increment of 359 metric tons was registered this 1st semester of 2020. Almost all commodities under the sub-sector contributed in the positive output during the semester. Watermelon production, which has the largest production in the sub-sector, also showed the biggest increment of almost five percent or 357 metric tons additional. Except for mandarin, all other commodities under the sub-sector showed positive growth in production ranging from two to five percent compared with the actual reported production in 2019.
As to provincial distribution of priority fruits production, Cagayan province dominated the production as shown by its share of more than half of the total priority fruits production. The 51.0 percent production share of Cagayan can be traced from its large area planted to watermelon. On the other hand, priority fruits production of Nueva Vizcaya comes next with 29.0 percent share owing to its significant production area of mandarin while priority fruits production in Isabela with 19.0 percent share came from watermelon production. Meanwhile, production of priority crops in Quirino and Batanes provinces shared the remaining one percent.
Production for all minor fruits with the same trend of production for the 1st semester of the year, the increment of about 2.3 percent can be tracked from the growth in production of top five identified commodities under this sub-sector. The biggest contributor can be traced from the output of avocado with an additional 63.0 metric tons, followed by jackfruit and pomelo with 46.0 meric tons and 30.0 metric tons increases compared to 2019 levels. Other commodities like starapple, and guayabano have a combined additional output of about 10.0 metric tons. On the contrary, production from Other minor fruits (which include guava and melon) registered a decrease of about 7.1 percent or a reduction of 28.0 metric tons. Some other minor crops like production from santol, chico and sineguelas had a slight increase but had no impact in the general situation of the sub-sector due to its minimal share in the overall production.
In terms of the provincial distribution of the minor fruits production in the region, majority of the production came from the provinces of Nueva Vizcaya and Isabela with 41.0 and 35.0 percent share respectively, both provinces reported pomelo as the commodity with largest share to total regional minor fruits output. Minor fruits production in the provinces of Cagayan, Quirino and Batanes have a combined share of about 24.0 percent, Cagayan province reporting large production in pomelo while Quirino boosted production from starapple. Batanes province highest production came from breadfruit, categorized in other minor crops.
- Production refers to the quantity produced and actually harvested for a particular crop during the reference period.
- For other crops, area planted refers to the actual physical area planted while area harvested refers to the actual area from which harvests are realized.
- Estimates of production and area planted/harvested are generated from the Quarterly Crops Production Survey (CrPS) of which there are four survey rounds in a year, that is, February, May, August, and November.